Monkeypox is a viral disease caused by monkeypox virus infection. The monkeypox virus belongs to the same virus family as smallpox. It's symptoms are similar to smallpox, but less severe, and it is rarely fatal. Chickenpox is not related to monkeypox.
Prevent contact with animals that can transmit the monkeypox virus, which are typically rodents and primates. Avoid sick or dead animals, as well as bedding or other materials that have been touched by them.
Handle or touch a person with monkeypox's bedding, towels, or clothing.
Prevent close, skin-to-skin interaction with people who do have a rash similar to monkeypox. Do not touch a monkeypox patient's rash or scabs. Avoid kissing, hugging, cuddling, or having sex with someone who has monkeypox. Do not share utensils or cups with someone who has monkeypox.
Hands should be washed frequently with soap and water, or a hand sanitizer should be used.
JYNNEOS and ACAM2000 are two vaccines approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to prevent monkeypox infection.
JYNNEOS are currently in short supply in the United States, but more are expected in the coming weeks and months.
There is currently no data on the efficiency of these vaccines in the recent outbreak.
Over 16,000 cases of monkeypox were noted in more than 70 countries this year, with the number of confirmed infections increasing by 77% from late June to early July. This year, the virus has claimed the lives of five people in Africa. So far, no deaths were reported outside of Africa.
The virus that causes monkeypox is not a new one. Monkeypox, unlike Covid-19, is not a novel virus. Monkeypox was discovered in 1958 in captive monkeys used for research in Denmark, and the first case of a human infection with the virus was confirmed in 1970 in Zaire, now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo.